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Long Term Effects of a Concussion

Posted on July 20, 2017

A concussion is a mild form of a traumatic brain injury that can range from small to severe. Concussions occur when a blow to the head causes the brain to bounce around in your head. Effects can be short term, lasting only a few hours, and long term causing lifetime impairments. Even the mildest of concussions can cause physical and chemical changes to the brain. Just like any injury, all trauma to the head requires healing time. When the brain doesn’t get enough time to heal, serious consequences can arise.

Short Term Effects of a Concussion

Short term symptoms of a concussion can last anywhere from a couple of minutes to a couple of days. The following are all possible side effects of a concussion:

  • Headache
  • A temporary loss of consciousness
  • Feeling as if your brain is in a fog
  • Delayed response to questions
  • Dizziness
  • Ringing in your ears
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light and sound

Long Term Effects of a Concussion

Long term side effects of a concussion are rare, but the more concussions a person gets, the more likely long term effects become.

Side effects of a concussion usually subside after a few weeks. When the side effects continue past week 6, this is a sign that the injury is more serious and could be post-concussion syndrome. When a person gets hit in the head too often, like athletes, the brain has less time to heal and the injury can become more serious. Professionals believe that accumulative concussions can lead to behavior changes and depression.

The following are symptoms that can develop hours after the injury occurred:

  • Trouble concentrating
  • Memory problems
  • Irritability and other personality changes
  • Sensitivity to light and noise
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Depression and other psychological problems
  • Disorders of smell and taste